The French L'IRIS taken by Capt. Lord George STUART in AIMABLE on 2 January 1809 in the North Sea.
Sold in 1815.
- On 14 February 1810 RAINBOW and AVON in succession fought a long and indecisive battle with the French 44-gun frigate NEIRIDE.
Both sides claimed that the other had fled.
- 1811 Capt. James WOOLDRIDGE, Spithead for the Mediterranean.
Capt. Gardiner Henry GUION, 09/1811, co-operating with Spanish patriots along the coast of Catalonia.
- 1813 Capt. Gawen William HAMILTON, Mediterranean.
In June 1813 RAINBOW drove an armed brigantine ashore under Cape Cavallo and on 11 September her boats captured two vessels, one carrying French pioneers, the other wheat, in the Bay of Ajaccio.
- RAINBOW took part in the unsuccessful attack on Livorno during December 1813.
On the 13th. Capt. HAMILTON volunteered to serve ashore with the Italian levies under Lieut. Col. Catanelli and the marines of AMERICA, ARMADA, EDINBURGH, IMPERIEUSE, FURIEUSE, RAINBOW, TERMAGANT and MERMAID which had been landed that evening.
On the outskirts of Livorno they were attacked by enemy cavalry and infantry consisting of at least 700 men supported by two field pieces.
The marines opened and let the cavalry charge through them killing all but 14 of them.
The survivors, save for one officer, were killed or wounded by a detachment of the Italian levy.
The marines charged and routed the infantry sending them in a disorderly retreat towards Pisa, with the loss of about 300 killed wounded and prisoners.
The Marines lost one man killed and 7 wounded.
Capt. HAMILTON was slightly wounded.
When they realised that the force was too small to capture the town the marines and soldiers were re-embarked on the 14th.
- In the spring of 1814 RAINBOW, as part of the flotilla under Capt. DUNDAS of EDINBURGH, was off Genoa co-operating with the army.
Capt. Sir Josias ROWLEY arrived on 25 March and strong parties of seamen were landed to construct batteries on the heights around Genoa.
They opened fire on the fortress on the 29th. and on the 30th. the enemy capitulated.
- 1814 Capt. James WEMYSS, 07/1814, Mediterranean.
RAINBOW was put out of commission at Deptford in December 1814.