Built in 1791, Chatham.
Sold in 1814.
- Sixteen 6-pounders and two small carronades.
- 1791 Joseph Sydney YORKE, 02/1791, promoted out of VICTORY.
Cruising in the Channel until posted into CIRCE in February 1783 and replaced by A. MOUART.
- 1794 Matthew Henry SCOTT, West Indies.
RATTLESNAKE took part in the reduction of Martinique and St. Lucia.
Capt. SCOTT was promoted into ROSE (28), on 4 April 1794.
- 1795 J. W.SPRANGER, sailed for the Cape on 3 April as part of a force under Vice Ad. Sir George ELPHINSTONE with Major General Graig commanding part of the 78th. Regiment.
In August detachments of seamen from RATTLESNAKE joined the force of 1,000 seamen that ELPHINSTONE had placed under the orders of Cdrs.
SPRANGER and HARDY (of ECHO), to assist the army.
On the 8th. the Dutch attacked with their whole force from Cape Town, aided by eight pieces of cannon, but the seamen and marines manoeuvred under fire without returning a shot as though they were veteran troops.
- 1796 Edward RAMAGE, At the end of 1795 he captured the Dutch MARIA LOUISE (14).
On 5 February RATTLESNAKE and ECHO (Andrew TODD) were sent under Capt. Alan Hyde GARDNER in HEROINE (36) to escort five Indiamen carrying troops and land them to occupy the port of Negombo in Ceylon.
When the troops advanced to Colombo and the small squadron appeared off that port, the place surrendered on 15 February.
- 1797 J. GARDNER, March 1797, C. of G. H. William DURBAN, Sept. 1797.
- 1798 W. GRANGER, Feb. 1798, Cape of Good Hope.
In June 1799 Lieut. Samuel GOOCH (acting commander) was appointed to command her.
On 20 September 1799 RATTLESNAKE and the armed storeship CAMEL were at anchor in Algoa Bay with both captains and about 15 men from each ship on duty ashore.
At about 4 o'clock in the afternoon a strange ship stood in for the Bay under Danish colours and a little later the SUCCESS schooner told Lieut. William FOTHERGILL, first of RATTLESNAKE, that she believed the stranger was a French 46 gun frigate.
He made a signal for the enemy to CAMEL and prepared for action.
The stranger came within a cable and a half of RATTLESNAKE and appeared to make preparations for boarding so Lieut. FOTHERGILL gave her a broadside.
The Danish colours were then lowered and replaced by the French and a general action started between the three ships which lasted until midnight when the CAMEL was silenced.
The enemy shifted position to bring his broadside to bear on RATTLESNAKE and the action continued until half past three when the frigate slipped his cable and removed to another part of the Bay, apparently disabled.
- The enemy was the PRENEUSE belonging to the Mauritius squadron and had been responsible for the capture of many English ships.
RATTLESNAKE was hulled with eight shots and lost her carpenter and two seamen killed and thirteen wounded.
They got up the frigate's anchor and cable some days later.
- 1800 Cdr. Roger CURTIS, the eldest son of Sir Roger CURTIS.
In November 1800 JUPITER returned to the Cape of Good Hope in a very leaky condition after encountering a hurricane off Madagascar.
Vice Admiral Sir Roger CURTIS shifted his flag to her from LANCASTER and sent LANCASTER, ADAMANT and RATTLESNAKE, under the command of Capt. HOTHAM, to cruise off Mauritius.
Cdr CURTIS returned to England about May 1802 suffering from a painful disorder which baffled his doctors, and died at Bristol Hotwells on 12 July 1802.
- 1802 Samuel MOTTLEY, replaced him in May 1802.
Cape of Good Hope.
Capt. MOTTLEY travelled out in the HINDUSTAN, armed en flute, and subsequently commanded DIOMEDE (50), before returning home on board LEOPARD in February 1803.
- 1803 John CRAMER, May 1803, Cape of Good Hope.
- 1805 Ditto, East Indies.
- 1806 John BASTARD, East Indies.
On 9 July 1806 she was chasing the French privateer BELLONE (34), off the coast of Ceylon when the approach of POWERFUL (74) Capt. Robert PAMPLIN cut off the Frenchman's escape.
It took two hours of fighting before the enemy surrendered.
- 1807 William WARDEN.
On 28 May RATTLESNAKE was hit by a gale of wind while on passage from Madras.
Excessive fatigue and exposure led to the death of Capt. WARDEN on 5 June 1807 Lieut. Richard BUCK of CULLODEN, who was successively appointed to command RATTLESNAKE and SAMARANG before his commission as a commander was confirmed by the Admiralty in December 1807.
- 1808 William FLINT, East Indies.
- 1810 James BREMER.
On Wednesday 29 March 1810 a court martial was held on James STEPHENS, acting carpenter, who was charged with disobedience to orders, disrespect and brutally beating two men.
He was sentenced to be dismissed from his position as acting carpenter, to be rendered incapable of ever serving as an officer in the Royal Navy and, in future, to serve before the mast.